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  • 王坤,秦晓愚,冯宇超,李金洋,肖磊,何静文,苏彤.海军驻某岛礁官兵的睡眠质量与生存质量状况调查[J].第二军医大学学报,2020,41(2):211-215    [点击复制]
  • WANG Kun,QIN Xiao-yu,FENG Yu-chao,LI Jin-yang,XIAO Lei,HE Jing-wen,SU Tong.Survey on sleep quality and life quality of navy servicemen stationed on an island[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2020,41(2):211-215   [点击复制]
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海军驻某岛礁官兵的睡眠质量与生存质量状况调查
王坤1,秦晓愚1,冯宇超1,李金洋1,肖磊2,何静文2,苏彤2*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)基础医学院学员五队, 上海 200433;
2. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)心理系医学心理学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 了解海军驻某岛礁官兵的睡眠及生存质量状况,探究两者之间的相关性及影响因素。方法 采用随机抽样法调查,应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)量表和世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)对海军驻岛礁官兵进行问卷调查。结果 回收问卷150份,其中有效问卷146份,问卷有效率为97.3%。28.1%(41/146)的海军驻岛礁官兵睡眠质量一般或很差,大量的官兵在睡眠时间[70.6%(103/146)]、日间功能障碍[52.1%(76/146)]及入睡时间[46.6%(68/146)]方面存在困扰。海军驻岛礁官兵PSQI各因子得分和总分与生存质量4个领域的得分多数呈负相关(P<0.05,P<0.01),睡眠质量好的官兵生存质量也相对较好。年龄、驻岛时长及身体患病与否对海军驻岛礁官兵睡眠质量有影响。与驻岛时长1~2个月和5~16个月的海军驻岛礁官兵相比,驻岛时长3~4个月的官兵睡眠时间得分较高(P均<0.05),睡眠质量较差;年龄较大者睡眠质量较差;患病者睡眠质量和生存质量均较差(P均<0.01)。结论 海军驻岛礁官兵的睡眠质量和生活质量亟待改善,改善睡眠质量是提高生存质量的有效方法。年龄、驻岛时长和身体健康状况对海军驻岛礁官兵的睡眠质量和生存质量有影响,应重点关注年龄较大、驻岛时长3~4个月、身体患病的官兵群体。应完善岛礁医疗服务建设,开展专业心理支持与干预,如放松训练、睡眠指导等,从而改善海军驻岛礁官兵的睡眠质量与生存质量,维护官兵身心健康。
关键词:  睡眠质量  生存质量  海军  驻岛官兵
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2020.02.0211
投稿时间:2019-06-10修订日期:2019-09-18
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81602734),海军军医大学(第二军医大学)本科学员创新实践能力孵化基地(FH2018167).
Survey on sleep quality and life quality of navy servicemen stationed on an island
WANG Kun1,QIN Xiao-yu1,FENG Yu-chao1,LI Jin-yang1,XIAO Lei2,HE Jing-wen2,SU Tong2*
(1. The Fifth Student Team, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
2. Department of Medical Psychology, College of Psychology, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the sleep quality and life quality of navy officers and soldiers stationed on an island, and to explore the correlation between sleep quality and life quality, and their influencing factors. Methods Random sampling method was used to select navy officers and soldiers stationed on an island. A questionnaire survey was performed by using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life-brief version (WHOQOLBREF). Results A total of 150 questionnaires were finally collected, of which 146 (97.3%) were valid. 28.1% (41/146) of the navy officers and soldiers stationed on the island had poor sleep quality. Most had troubles in sleep time (70.6%[103/146]), daytime dysfunction (52.1%[76/146]) and sleep latency (46.6%[68/146]). Most scores of sleep quality factors and total PSQI score of these navy officers and soldiers were negatively correlated with the scores of four aspects of quality of life (P<0.05, P<0.01). The good sleep quality leads to good quality of life. Age, stationing time and physical illness had an impact on the sleep quality of the navy officers and soldiers stationed on the island. Compared with the personnel stationed on the island for 1-2 months and 5-16 months, those stationed for 3-4 months scored higher sleep time factor (both P<0.05), and their sleep quality was worse. The sleep quality of older interviewees was poor, and both sleep quality and quality of life of sick interviewees were poor (all P<0.01). Conclusion Sleep quality and quality of life of navy officers and soldiers stationed on islands need to be improved urgently. Improving sleep quality is an effective way to improve quality of life. Age, length of stay on islands and health status have an impact on the sleep quality and quality of life of navy officers and soldiers stationed on islands. We should pay more attention to the navy officers and soldiers who are aged, have been stationed on islands for 3-4 months and are physically ill. We should improve medical services on islands and carry out professional psychological support and intervention, such as relaxation training and sleep guidance, so as to improve the sleep quality and quality of life of navy officers and soldiers stationed on islands and maintain their physical and mental health.
Key words:  sleep quality  quality of life  navy  servicemen stationed on island