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  • 孙卓尔,刘伟志*.军事部署官兵的创伤后应激障碍及维护[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(10):1053-1061    [点击复制]
  • SUN Zhuo-er,LIU Wei-zhi*.Post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: status quo and interventions[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(10):1053-1061   [点击复制]
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军事部署官兵的创伤后应激障碍及维护
孙卓尔,刘伟志*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)心理系基础心理学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
军事部署活动是影响部署参与人员心理健康的重要因素。新形势下,我军军事部署任务大量增加,亟需开展针对军事部署的心理学研究工作。本文对近年来军事部署参与人员创伤后应激障碍及其他心理障碍方面的研究进行回顾,梳理总结军事部署中的心理筛查、心理治疗和训练及社会支持等常见的心理维护措施,并在改进研究方法、寻找创伤后应激障碍的个体差异性靶点、相关治疗技术的本土化和军事化及研发适用于军事部署参与人员的心理训练方式等领域对未来军事部署的研究方向进行展望,以期为军事部署活动决策、军队心理卫生工作和后续的心理研究提供参考和帮助。
关键词:  军事部署  心理健康  创伤后应激障碍  心理维护
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.10.1053
投稿时间:2019-08-21修订日期:2019-10-11
基金项目:军队“十三五”双重建设项目(201944815),海军重点课程建设项目(20180925),海军院校学科专业重点项目:精神医学(2017).
Post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: status quo and interventions
SUN Zhuo-er,LIU Wei-zhi*
(Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Military deployment is an important factor for mental health of deployed military service members. Military deployment operations have increased greatly in recent years, so it is urgent to carry out psychological research. We reviewed status quo of post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental disorders that military deployment members suffered. Furtherly, we sorted out and summarized common psychological health interventions such as psychological screening, psychotherapy and training, and social support in military deployment. In addition, we also discussed the research directions of future military deployment including improving research methods, identifying individual differential targets for post-traumatic stress disorder, localization and militarization of related treatment technologies, and developing psychological training methods for military deployment personnel. We hope this paper can give the policymakers, researchers and those involved in military deployment information for decision-making, psychological assistant work and subsequent psychological research.
Key words:  military deployment  mental health  post-traumatic stress disorder  psychological intervention